- The German Baroque period
- The influences on German Baroque music
- The two major influences on German Baroque music
- The first major influence on German Baroque music
- The second major influence on German Baroque music
- The impact of the two major influences on German Baroque music
- The legacy of German Baroque music
- The future of German Baroque music
- Recommended listening: German Baroque music
- Further reading: German Baroque music
There are two major influences on German Baroque music. The first is the Italian influence and the second is the French influence.
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The German Baroque period
The German Baroque period is usually dated from 1600 to 1750. It followed the Renaissance period and was succeeded by the Classical period. Major composers of the German Baroque era include Dieterich Buxtehude, Johann Heinrich Schmelzer, Johann Pachelbel, Nicolaus Bruhns, and Johann Sebastian Bach.
There were two main influences on German Baroque music: the Italian style and the French style. The Italian style was brought to Germany by Italian musicians who were employed by German rulers, such as Duke Ernst Ludwig of Bavaria, who hired composer Giovanni Battista Buononcini in 1687. The French style was introduced to Germany by composers who had studied in France, such as Johann Heinrich Schütz, who studied with Gabrieli in Venice and with Lully in Paris.
The influences on German Baroque music
There were two major influences on German Baroque music: the music of the Italian Baroque and the music of the French Baroque. The Italians were the first to develop the style of opera, and their influence can be heard in the work of German composers such as Johann Sebastian Bach and George Frideric Handel. The French were influential in the development of musical forms such as the suite and the concerto grosso, and their composers had a significant impact on German music.
The two major influences on German Baroque music
The two major influences on German Baroque music were the Italian style and the French style. The Italian style was characterized by its use of continuo, which was a system of bass lines played by instruments or sung by voices that provided harmonic support for the melodic line. The French style was characterized by its use offigured bass, which used numbers to indicate which chords should be played in order to Harmonize the melody.
The first major influence on German Baroque music
One major influence on German Baroque music was the Italian style of the time. This can be seen in the works of many German composers such as Johann Sebastian Bach and Heinrich Schütz. The influence of the Italian style can be heard in the use of counterpoint and ornamentation in German Baroque music.
Another important influence on German Baroque music was the rise of the Protestant Reformation. This led to a decline in the popularity of sacred music, as many Protestants believed that music should only be used for worship. This resulted in a decline in the number of composers writing religious music, and an increase in the number of composers writing secular music. Many German Baroque composers, such as Bach and Schütz, wrote both sacred and secular works.
The second major influence on German Baroque music
The second major influence on German Baroque music was the Italian style of opera. This style began to be popular in Germany in the early 1600s, and by the mid-1700s, it was the most popular form of music in the country.
The impact of the two major influences on German Baroque music
The German Baroque era in music lasted from about 1600 to 1750. Two major influences on German Baroque music were the rise of the middle class and the influence of the Catholic Church.
The middle class in Germany during the Baroque era was small but growing, and they had disposable income that they were willing to spend on luxuries such as music. This increased demand for musical entertainment led to a flourishing of both vocal and instrumental music during the German Baroque era.
The Catholic Church was also a major influence on German Baroque music. Many composers of this era were priests or choristers, and their music reflected the religious beliefs of their time. Church-sponsored musical events such as Easter Passion plays and Christmas Nativity plays were popular during the German Baroque era, and many musical compositions from this time period reflect religious themes.
The legacy of German Baroque music
baroque music was a style of Western art music composed from approximately 1600 to 1750. This era followed the Renaissance, and was characterized by a number of stylistic traits, including:
-the use of counterpoint, or the combination of multiple melodic lines;
-the use of contrast and variety within a single piece;
-the use of tonality, or a system in which specific notes serve as the “home base” for a composition;
-the use of ornamentation, or the embellishment of melodies with decorative flourishes.
German Baroque music was heavily influenced by the work of two composers: Johann Sebastian Bach and George Frideric Handel. Bach was a prolific composer who created works in nearly every musical genre, including fugues, canons, anthems, motets, and concertos. His music is characterized by its complex polyphony, or the intertwining of multiple melodies. Handel was also a master polyphonist, but he is perhaps best known for his operas and oratorios. These large-scale works incorporated lavish sets and costumes, and featured soloists who performed elaborate vocal displays.
The future of German Baroque music
In the early 1600s, two major influences began to take hold in Germany that would have a lasting impact on German Baroque music: the rise of the chorale as a compositional tool and the rise of instrumental music as a viable form.
The chorale, a type of devotional hymn sung in four-part harmony, had been around for centuries, but it was only in the early 1600s that German composers began to use it extensively in their music. The chorale became an important tool for German composers because it allowed them to write complex polyphonic music that was still accessible to ordinary people.
At the same time, instrumentals were becoming increasingly popular in Germany. The development of new instruments, such as the violin and the trumpet, and new playing techniques, such as tremolo and staccato, made instrumental music more expressive and exciting than ever before. German composers began to write instrumental music that was just as complex and sophisticated as their vocal music.
The combination of these two influences led to the development of a uniquely German style of Baroque music that was highly expressive, deeply emotional, and intricately polyphonic.
Recommended listening: German Baroque music
There are many great pieces of German Baroque music, but if you’re looking for a place to start, we recommend the following two pieces. Both are renowned for their beauty and for their influence on German Baroque music as a whole.
The first is Bach’s “Brandenburg Concerto No. 5 in D Major.” This piece is truly a masterpiece, and it’s one of the most popular concertos of all time. It’s also a great example of what German Baroque music is all about: Bach takes a simple melody and weaves it into a complex, beautiful piece of music.
The second recommended piece is Handel’s “Messiah.” This is one of the most famous oratorios ever written, and it’s an excellent example of Handel’s skill as a composer. The “Hallelujah” chorus is one of the most iconic pieces of music in Western culture, and it perfectly demonstrates the power and majesty of German Baroque music.
Further reading: German Baroque music
There is a great deal of scholarly literature on German Baroque music, and the following are just a few of the most influential and important studies.